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In Greenland, archaeofauna suggest a very different specialized long-distance hunting of the much larger walrus populations in the Disko Bay area that brought mainly ivory to the settlement areas and eventually to European markets. The Journal of the North Atlantic has just published a special volume of 8 research papers on the assembly and the part it played in Norse society in the 9th-12th centuries.New lead isotopic analysis of archaeological walrus ivory and bone from Greenland and Iceland offers a tool for identifying possible source regions of walrus ivory during the early Middle Ages. This is an output from the successful Assembly Project.A growing list of links to these will be added to this page.The links to the left are to unpublished field and laboratory reports (mainly from NORSEC, based at Brooklyn College, CUNY) and IPY NABO Project reports.
Magnus, the native saint of the Orkney and a popular figure throughout the Norse Atlantic settlements. It is demonstrated that the charcoal-rich layer at Ø69 was not derived from in situ vegetation burning in the 10th century and concluded that the layer was probably formed by the addition of midden material to the infields around Ø69 in the 13th and 14th centuries cal AD, perhaps as part of a soil amendment strategy.
This opens possibilities for assessing the development and relative importance of hunting grounds from the point of view of exported products. Cramp, Helen Whelton, Niall Sharples, Jacqui Mulville, and Richard P. JONA Special Volume 5 Human and animal ectoparasites are often recovered from archaeological contexts being examined forpreserved insect remains.
To view these recent articles, simply go to JONA's website. Evershed (2015) Contrasting Patterns of Resource Exploitation on the Outer Hebrides and Northern Isles of Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Norse Period Revealed through Organic Residues in Pottery. To view the articles in this special issue (Issue-in-Progress), go to JONA's website. Records of human lice, fleas and bedbugs are used to reconstruct past sanitaryconditions and practices, as well as their geographic distribution and that of the pathogens for which theymay be vectors.
Erika Guttmann-Bond, Jennifer Dungait, Alex Brown, Ian Bull, and Richard Evershed (2016) Early Neolithic Agriculture in County Mayo, Republic of Ireland: Geoarchaeology of the Céide Fields, Belderrig, and Rathlackan. Frode Iversen (2015) Community and Society: The Thing at the Edge of Europe, 1-17 Manuel Fernández-Götz and Nico Roymans(2015) The Politics of Identity: Late Iron Age Sanctuaries in the Rhineland. Ectoparasites of domesticated and wild animals may be considered proxy indicatorsfor the presence of those animals whilst also inferring activities such as wool processing.
This papersummarizes the contribution of ectoparasite studies in archaeology and presents two original case studiesfrom Iceland and Greenland.